The National Energy Balance presents detailed information on how and where energy is used in Ireland for a given year.

The Balance shows the flow of energy from production and transformation to total final consumption. This is shown in the form of a table. The National Energy Balance is our primary statistical release. It is the basis of much of the further analysis we do.

2019 Provisional Energy Balance

The National Energy Balance is published each year in October. In April we publish a summary provisional balance with the headline figures for energy supply. These are subject to revision.

Key points from the 2019 Provisional Energy Balance:

CO2 emissions from all energy use fell 3.9% in 2019, equivalent to 1.5 million tonnes of CO₂. This marks the biggest annual reduction in CO2 emissions since 2011, at the height of the last recession.  Emissions in 2019 were 22% below 2005 levels, but are higher than 2014, when we emerged from recession. The fall was due mostly to a reduction in coal used for generating electricity, which fell by 70% compared to the previous year.

  • Overall energy use fell by 1.2% while the economy grew by 5.5%
  • Coal use in electricity generation fell by 70% in 2019 with the Moneypoint electricity generating station operating at reduced capacity. 
  • The reduction in electricity generated by coal was partly made up by a 9% increase in wind generated electricity, which supplied almost one third of all electricity. The remainder of the shortfall came mostly from increased net imports of electricity.
  • These changes have resulted in the CO2 intensity of electricity falling by 12% to a new low of 331 gCO2/kWh in 2019. The renewable share of gross final consumption of electricity in 2019 increased to 36.6% (33.3% in 2018).  Wind contributed 31.5% points of this.
  • Energy from all renewable sources grew by 6.5% in 2019 and accounted for 11% of all energy used.
  • Natural gas use grew by 2% and accounted for 32% of all energy use.
  • Oil use increased by 0.6% and accounted for 50% of all energy use. 
  • Import dependency (the share of energy imported, as opposed to sourced in Ireland) increased to 69%, up from 67% in 2018.
Download 2019 Energy Balance excel file

Previous Energy Balances

The energy balance for every year since 1990 is also available to download.

Download historical Energy Balances