View monthly deliveries of five oil products, both total and per-product. Compare time-series graphs during three years: 2019 (pre-pandemic), 2020 and 2021.

Monthly Deliveries of Oil-product Fuels

Table shows Observed Gross Inland Deliveries (GID) of five oil products in terajoules (TJ), during the last three months plus year to date (YTD). Descriptions of GID and TJ appear after the time-series graphs (link).

Accumulated YTD deliveries this year, are compared to the accumulated deliveries during the same period last year. Percentage changes compare the most recent month's deliveries to one month and two months ago.

Commentary

A review of January 2019 to April 2021 deliveries is available (link).

-Last 3 Months (TJ)YTD (TJ)% Change in Jul and YTD 2021
Product May-21 Jun-21 Jul-21 YTD 1 month 2 months Jan - Jul YTD
Heating and Other Gas Oil 2545 3825 3366 21200 -12.00 32.26 1.75
Non-Jet Fuel Kerosene 2032 1010 801 21773 -20.69 -60.58 -20.13
Jet Fuel Kerosene 893 1304 1709 7251 31.06 91.38 -34.95
Motor Petrol 2332 2627 2744 14382 4.45 17.67 0.43
Road Diesel 10776 11295 11369 67750 0.66 5.50 3.41
Total of Five Fuels 18578 20061 19989 132356 -0.36 7.60 -4.84

Five Fuels — Total Deliveries

  2019 2020 2021
Jan 24042 2359317370
Feb 21758 2346517197
Mar 23855 25093 18998
Apr 24328 14864 20163
May 24445 16634 18578
Jun 23445 16363 20061
Jul 24091 19069 19989
Aug 23799 18241  
Sep 25831 20749  
Oct 26093 21189  
Nov 24248 18842  
Dec 24373 22050  
Source: SEAI

Heating and Gasoil Deliveries

  2019 2020 2021
Jan 2685 2600 2359
Feb 2512 2455 2447
Mar 2598 3449 3165
Apr 2988 3235 3493
May 3248 3104 2545
Jun 3248 2964 3825
Jul 3378 3029 3366
Aug 2858 2789  
Sep 2945 3212  
Oct 2642 2915  
Nov 2555 2567  
Dec 2207 2517  
Source: SEAI

Non-Jet Fuel Kerosene Deliveries

  2019 2020 2021
Jan 4685 4420 5374
Feb 3580 4885 5041
Mar 3580 6603 3920
Apr 2829 4864 3595
May 1591 3836 2032
Jun 1414 1496 1010
Jul 840 1158 801
Aug 1635 1062  
Sep 4066 2603  
Oct 4420 4269  
Nov 4243 3619  
Dec 5340 5772  
Source: SEAI

Jet Fuel Kerosene Deliveries

  2019 2020 2021
Jan 2993 2901 1036
Feb 2641 2602 694
Mar 3301 2338 818
Apr 4005 522 797
May 4533 801 893
Jun 4841 790 1304
Jul 5061 1192 1709
Aug 4841 1358  
Sep 4489 1239  
Oct 4137 1066  
Nov 2905 902  
Dec 3014 904  
Source: SEAI

Motor Petrol Deliveries

  2019 2020 2021
Jan 2765 2604 1261
Feb 2631 2554 1356
Mar 2943 2266 1895
Apr 2943 832 2167
May 3077 1562 2332
Jun 2898 1923 2627
Jul 3032 2579 2744
Aug 3032 2526  
Sep 2854 2608  
Oct 2898 1987  
Nov 2809 1655  
Dec 2898 2455  
Source: SEAI

Road Diesel Deliveries

  2019 2020 2021
Jan 10914 11068 7340
Feb 10394 10969 7659
Mar 11433 10437 9200
Apr 11563 5411 10111
May 11996 7331 10776
Jun 11044 9190 11295
Jul 11780 11111 11369
Aug 11433 10506  
Sep 11477 11087  
Oct 11996 10952  
Nov 11736 10099  
Dec 10914 10402  
Source: SEAI

Gross Inland Deliveries and Oil-product Flows

Annex C of Commission Regulation (EU) 2019/2146 on energy statistics describes Observed Gross Inland Deliveries (GID) as:

“The observed delivery of finished petroleum products from primary sources (e.g. refineries, blending plants etc.) to the inland market.”

Note that “observed” deliveries imply a bottom-up method of calculation. The description refers to an “inland market” that, for these statistics, means Ireland (without Northern Ireland). The International Energy Agency (IEA) uses an identical description of observed GID, while adding a top-down method to find Calculated Gross Inland Deliveries (IEA, 2019).

 

Calculated GID from Oil-product Flows

Gross inland deliveries (GID) are the quantities of oil-products flowing through the market from production to delivery, now ready sale or consumption. In practice, other flows earlier in the market determine the quantities remaining in GID. Refinery outputs, imports and stock draws increase GID quantities; whereas exports, international marine bunkers and stock builds decrease GID quantities. Interproduct transfers result from reclassification of products; therefore are reported as a negative value for one product compensated by a positive value for another product. The following equation shows the sequence of oil-product flows, as additions (+) or subtractions (-), to find Calculated Gross Inland Deliveries (IEA, 2019, p. 14):

Gross Inland Delivery =

+ Primary product receipts

+ Refinery gross output

+ Recycled products

- Refinery fuel

+ Imports

- Exports

- International marine bunkers

+ Interproduct transfers

- Products transferred

- Stocks changes

Terajoules Energy Units

Generally, energy statistics for oil and oil products are reported by mass or volume, using kilotonne or litre units respectively. Since the calorific values of oil products vary, conversions to energy units allows easier comparisons. SEAI’s monthly oil-product statistics are expressed in units of energy, terajoules (TJ) that equals 1012 joules. Values in energy units are calculated using conversion factors (SEAI, 2021).

References

Commission Regulation (EU) 2019/2146 of 26 November 2019 amending Regulation (EC) No 1099/2008 on energy statistics, as regards the implementation of updates for the annual, monthly and short-term monthly energy statistics. https://op.europa.eu/s/phOw

IEA. (2019). Oil Annual Questionnaire 2017-2021. https://iea.blob.core.windows.net/assets/39c58277-709c-41f5-88ee-1643903aaf19/Oil_Questionnaire_Instructions.pdf

SEAI. (2021). Conversion Factors. Ireland’s Energy Statistics. https://www.seai.ie/data-and-insights/seai-statistics/conversion-factors/